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Corps relationnels,
théories natives et parenté

Enric Porqueres I Gené
Francis Zimmermann

2e et 4e jeudis du mois de 11 h à 13 h
(salle 1, 105 bd Raspail 75006 Paris)
du 12 novembre 2015 au 9 juin 2016

Le corps, espace premier de l'expérience humaine, sera le point de départ d'une enquête et d'une réflexion à deux voix sur les relations de parenté. Notre enquête fera toute leur place aux théories natives et notre dialogue se nourrira de nos lectures différentes de l'histoire de l'anthropologie. Nous analyserons à chaque séance, en les plaçant dans leur juste perspective historique par rapport aux problématiques d'aujourd'hui, des textes séminaux ou fondateurs de Rodney Needham, par exemple, Harold Conklin et d'autres, sans jamais perdre le fil conducteur procédant du corps vivant vers les théories natives sur les relations de parenté.


Jeudi 10 décembre

Sienna R. Craig

Dartmouth College, USA
Professeur invitée à l'EHESS

Séminaire sur les représentations natives
en forme de récits de vie
de la gestation, la naissance et la filiation au Népal

Talking Birth, Talking Death: An Ethnographic Account of Eliciting
Reproductive Histories in Northern Nepal

The health and wellbeing of infants and children remain crucial to every aspect of social and biological reproduction. Likewise, the "documentation of biocultural patterning of reproductive practices across cultures" provides rich terrain for understanding social reproduction within specific geographic and socioeconomic contexts (Sargent and Gulbas 2011: 290). One of the cornerstones of such documentation efforts is the collection of reproductive histories. Yet while taking reproductive histories remains an important methodology across the discipline of anthropology, relatively few studies describe in detail the mechanisms for collecting and validating reliable data or for addressing imperfections within a dataset (cf. Beall and Leslie 2014).

Likewise, while ethnographies describe the diverse ways that women, families, and local communities address pregnancy and birth and make sense of infant and child death or survival, it is more rare that such forms of knowledge are put into conversation with biological, biomedical, or demographic representations of such events. Finally, the ground-truth contexts in which the metrics by which we judge human development and human suffering on global scales often become obscured in the process of statistical representation.

This presentation emerges from collaborative biocultural and demographic research conducted in 2012 in northern Nepal on the relationship between culturally Tibetan peoples' adaptations to living at altitude and women's reproductive outcomes. I describe discussions that occurred between the female research team and the women 'subjects' in this study about pregnancy, birth, and infant and child death, providing an ethnographic understanding of what reproductive history work involves, and the kind of knowledge exchange that can occur through this process.


Sienna Craig est une anthropologue de la médecine et de la santé qui jouit d'une notoriété internationale et c'est à ce titre qu'elle est parmi nous invitée pour une série de conférences à l'EHESS. Nous profitons de sa visite pour l'interroger sur les représentations natives de la gestation, de la naissance et de la filiation au Népal. Sa méthode d'enquête ethnographique «collaborative» très différente des nôtres et la mise en forme narrative des représentations natives dans ce qu'elle appelle reproductive histories, là encore très différente de la façon dont nous travaillons nous-mêmes sur la parenté, ne peuvent manquer de nous ouvrir des perspectives nouvelles. Vous êtes invités à lire en priorité son article de 2011 (Women's Stories), qui est le plus proche de nos préoccupations dans notre séminaire.


Page personnelle à Dartmouth College:

https://anthropology.dartmouth.edu/people/sienna-radha-craig

Site web très complet:

http://siennacraig.com


Textes à l'appui

Bibliothèque: Anthropologues > Craig

Vincanne Adams, Sienna R. Craig & Arlene Samen (2015): Alternative accounting in maternal and infant global health, Global Public Health: An International Journal for Research, Policy and Practice.

Calum Blaikie, Sienna Craig, Barbara Gerke, and Theresia Hofer, Coproducing Efficacious Medicines Collaborative Event Ethnography with Himalayan and Tibetan Sowa Rigpa Practitioners, Current Anthropology, Volume 56, Number 2, April 2015.

Geoff Childs, Sienna Craig, Cynthia M. Beall, and Buddha Basnyat, Depopulating the Himalayan Highlands: Education and Outmigration From Ethnically Tibetan Communities of Nepal, Mountain Research and Development (MRD), Vol. 34, No. 2 May 2014: 85–94. Open access:
http://dx.doi.org/10.1659/MRD-JOURNAL-D-14-00021.1

Sienna Craig (2011): Migration, Social Change, Health, and the Realm of the Possible: Women's Stories between Nepal and New York, Anthropology and Humanism, Vol. 36, Issue 2, pp. 193–214.

Blaikie, Craig et al 2015 is about collaborative ethnography, and about the ways that scholarship gets used by interlocutors, often to distinct ends. Adams, Craig and Samen 2015 on "Alternative Accounting" represents some of the work done at the intersection of Himalayan and Tibetan ethnography and critical global health / maternal and child health studies. The Depopulation article from Mountain Research and Development is one piece of the story from the women's reproductive histories project. Finally, the 2011 article on Women's Stories between Nepal and New York is more along the lines of what will be my next book, an ethnography that will move between these two places and the networks of kin, connection, citizenship, and belonging between them. This article is perhaps most illustrative of the kind of ethnographic writing that I attempt to focus on, as well.